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مقالات وأبحاث أثرية

THE MODIFICATION OF CONSOLIDANTS TO OVERCOME THE SHALE SWELLING IN SAQQARA TOMBS, EGYPT

THE MODIFICATION OF CONSOLIDANTS TO OVERCOME THE SHALE SWELLING IN SAQQARA TOMBS, EGYPT     Abdel Fattah E. El-BANNA Associate Professor, Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Egypt     Abstract   The loss of the surfaces of building materials are largely attributable to processes which involve either the dissolution or replacement of the binding cement or the …

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Degradation Phenomena and Conservation Procedures of the Sphinx

Degradation Phenomenaand Conservation Procedures of the Sphinx at the Giza Plateau, Egypt Abdel-Fattah E. El-BANNA* Abstract In february 2007, the Giza branch of S.C.A observed the raising of underground water in front of the valley temple of Khefren. Although, in the last twenty years, ther are several attempts to overcome the sub-surface water in this site. The Sphinx statue as …

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Structural Behaviour, Disturbing Mechanisms and Conservation Procedures of Tombs at Valley of the Kings, Egypt

Structural Behaviour, Disturbing Mechanisms and Conservation Procedures of Tombs at Valley of the Kings, Egypt Abdel-Fattah E. El-BANNA* Abstract The Valley of the Kings area is located in Upper Egypt near Luxor, on the western bank of the Nile. This archaeological site includes 62 tombs dating from XVIII Dynasty onwards. Inthe steeply inclined western facing of Gurnah Mountain lies an …

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GEOTECHNICAL HAZARDS OF ROCK-MASS WALLS IN KOM ELSHUQAFA CATACOMB, ALEXANDRIA, Egypt

Abdel-Fattah El-BANNA Associate Professor, Dept. of conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University ABSTRACT Catacombs in Kom Elshuqafa at Alexandria are subjected to a range of geotechnical hazards which arise largely from the geological setting of the area in which it is situated. Only in 1900 was Kom El Shoqafa rediscovered after centuries. This tomb wastunneled into the bedrock of Calcareous …

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GEOTECHNICAL HAZARDS OF ROCK-MASS WALLS IN KOM ELSHUQAFA CATACOMB, ALEXANDRIA, Egypt

Abdel-Fattah El-BANNA Associate Professor, Dept. of conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University ABSTRACT Catacombs in Kom Elshuqafa at Alexandria are subjected to a range of geotechnical hazards which arise largely from the geological setting of the area in which it is situated. Only in 1900 was Kom El Shoqafa rediscovered after centuries. This tomb wastunneled into the bedrock of Calcareous …

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EVALUATE CHARACTERISTICS OF ROMAN ANCIENT MORTARS

NON-DESTRUCTIVETESTING AS A NEW INTEGRATED METHODOLOGY TO EVALUATE CHARACTERISTICS OF ROMAN ANCIENT MORTARS El-Banna .A .E Dep. of Conservation, faculty of archeology, Cairo Uni. Attiah .A.S.M 2 Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA)     Abstract:  The traditional mortars in ancient buildings in El-Farama at north Sinai were used to provide uniform bearing between units and to bond individual blocks into …

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STABILITY EVALAUTION OF RAMESSES II TOMB

STABILITY EVALAUTION OF RAMESSES II TOMB AT THE VALLEY OF KINGS, EGYPT Atef EL-SHABRAWI El-Tabbin Institute of Metallurgy, Cairo. Abdel-Fattah El-BANNA Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University,Egypt Abstract Inthe steeply inclined western facing of Gurnah Mountain lies an ancient rock-cut tomb of Ramesses II. This tomb is founded, into the rocky mass of expansive limestone structure, and have …

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البيئة و تغير المناخ فى مصر

أصبحت قضية البيئة و تغير المناخ فى مصر تحتل مكانة عالية فى اهتمام الرأى العام، وذلك لأسباب متعددة، منها ارتفاع منسوب المياه فى الدلتا و آثاره السلبية على البيئة و المجتمع، ومنها المشاكل التى تواجه منابع النيل فى إثيوبيا و أثارها على انخفاض تضفق مياه النيل فى مصر، و لإختلاف الآثار الناجمة عن هذه الظاهرة فقد اختلف الموقف بالنسبة للتصدى …

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